Heute mal ein englisches Abstrakt:
Ebner et al. Carbon dioxide dynamics in relation to neurological outcome in resuscitated out of-hospital cardiac arrest patients: an exploratory Target Temperature Management Trial substudy. Critical Care (2018) 22:196 (PDF)
Background: Dyscarbia is common in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients and its association to neurological outcome is undetermined.
Methods: This is an exploratory post-hoc substudy of the Target Temperature Management (TTM) trial, including resuscitated OHCA patients, investigating the association between serial measurements of arterial partial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO2) and neurological outcome at 6 months, defined by the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) scale, dichotomized to good outcome (CPC 1 and 2) and poor outcome (CPC 3–5). The effects of hypercapnia and hypocapnia, and the time-weighted mean PaCO2 and absolute PaCO2 difference were analyzed. Additionally, the association between mild hypercapnia (6.0–7.30 kPa) and neurological outcome, its interaction with target temperature (33 °C and 36 °C), and the association between PaCO2 and peak serum-Tau were evaluated.
Results: Of the 939 patients in the TTM trial, 869 were eligible for analysis. Ninety-six percent of patients were exposed to hypocapnia or hypercapnia. None of the analyses indicated a statistical significant association between PaCO2 and neurological outcome (P = 0.13–0.96). Mild hypercapnia was not associated with neurological outcome (P = 0.78) and there was no statistically significant interaction with target temperature (Pinteraction = 0.95). There was no association between PaCO2 and peak serum-Tau levels 48 or 72 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).
Conclusions: Dyscarbia is common after ROSC. No statistically significant association between PaCO2 in the post-cardiac arrest phase and neurological outcome at 6 months after cardiac arrest was detected. There was no significant interaction between mild hypercapnia and temperature in relation to neurological outcome.